WHAT TO TRY FIRST
The 2013 American Heart Association Task Force recommends setting a realistic and meaningful weight loss goal of losing 5-10% of weight within 6 months by reducing calories (a 500 calorie a day decrease would b eating 1,200-1,500 calories a day (women) or 1,500-1,800 (men), increasing physical activity or both.
They also suggest comprehensive lifestyle counseling with a trained professional or nutritionist.
WHAT ELSE TO TRY
If unable to lose weight with a comprehensive lifestyle intervention, people who are obese (BMI of 30 or higher) or overweight (BMI 27-29) and have a weight-related medical condition (high blood pressure, diabetes) can consider FDA-approved weight loss medications (Belviq, Contrave, Orlistat, Qysmia, or Saxenda) or bariatric surgery.
American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force. 2013 AHA/ACC/TOS Guideline for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. Published July 2014.